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Caliandra-rosa

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Família: 

Mimosaceae

Nome científico: 

Calliandra brevipes

Descrição Morfológica: 

Arbusto lenhoso, perene e muito ramificado, de 1 a 3 m de altura. Sua folhas são compostas bipinadas.

Calliandra brevipes
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Flores e Frutos: 

As flores são pequenas e numerosas, reunidas em capítulos densos, com longos estames densos de cor rosa e branco. Os frutos são pequenas vagens com 4 a 8 sementes. O florescimento ocorre principalmente durante a primavera e o verão, mantendo-se com flores por vários meses. Os frutos, pequenas vagens, amadurecem a partir do verão.

Características Ecológicas: 

Pioneira, perenifólia e heliófila. Indiferente às condições físicas do solo e tolerante às geadas. É comum na vegetação ribeirinha dos planaltos, ocorrendo muitas vezes em fendas de afloramentos e lajes rochosas dos rios ou sobre depósitos aluviais arenosos.

Ocorrência Natural: 

Principalmente do Paraná ao Rio Grande do Sul, quase sempre associada a margens de rios nas regiões da Floresta Ombrófila Mista e da Floresta Estacional Semidecidual. No Paraná ocorre também na vegetação de galeria dos rios que atravessam campos naturais (Estepe Gramíneo-lenhosa).

Usos: 

É muito ornamental pela beleza e perfume de suas flores, sendo indicada para paisagismo de praças, canteiros urbanos e jardins. É bastante adequada para a formação de cercas-vivas.

Aspectos de Cultivo: 

As sementes têm viabilidade de armazenamento longa, desde que armazenadas em local seco. Apresenta poder germinativo elevado. As mudas podem ser plantadas no campo após cerca de 05 meses e seu desenvolvimento é moderado. Aceita podas.

Bibliografia de apoio: 

“Plantas Ornamentais no Brasil” (LORENZI & SOUZA, 1999).

Grupos: 
Floresta com Araucária (Floresta Ombrófila Mista)
Floresta Seca do Rio Paraná (Floresta Estacional Semidecidual)
Ornamentais
Pioneiras


Dr. Radut | especie