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Família: 

Arecaceae

Nome científico: 

Geonoma schottiana

Descrição Morfológica: 

Palmeira pequena, com 1,5 a 3 metros de altura, de tronco geralmente simples e com cerca de 2,5 a 4 cm de diâmetro. A copa é formada por 7 a 12 folhas com 60 a 100 cm de comprimento e 30 a 50 cm de largura. Para leigos pode ser confundida com um palmiteiro (Euterpe edulis) jovem.

Geonoma schottiana
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Flores e Frutos: 

Inflorescências com ramificações de segunda ordem, com 7 a 17 ramos. Suas flores são muito pequenas e de coloração creme-amarelada. Floresce principalmente na primavera, nos meses de outubro e novembro. Os frutos maduros são negros e globosos com 0,7 a 1 cm de diâmetro, amadurecendo entre março e setembro.

Características Ecológicas: 

Climácica e umbrófila, aprecia ambientes úmidos e solos ricos em matéria orgânica. Ocorre sob florestas densas e conservadas, especialmente nos vales e proximidades de córregos.

Ocorrência Natural: 

Do Espírito Santo e Minas Gerais até o Rio Grande do Sul. No Paraná ocorre na Floresta Ombrófila Densa, na Floresta Ombrófila Mista e nas Restingas.

Usos: 

Pela sua beleza e porte tem grande potencial ornamental para jardins externos e internos, necessitando sempre ambiente sombreado e úmido. Suas folhas são largamente usadas em arranjos decorativos de floriculturas, tanto in natura quanto desidratadas.

Aspectos de Cultivo: 

As sementes possuem durabilidade mediana ao armazenamento. Sua germinação ocorre entre 60 e 90 dias após a semeadura. Não tolera transplantios quando adulta.

Bibliografia de apoio: 

“Palmeiras do Brasil” (LORENZI et al., 1996).

Grupos: 
Climácicas
Floresta Atlântica (Floresta Ombrófila Densa)
Floresta com Araucária (Floresta Ombrófila Mista)
Ornamentais
Restingas (Formações Pioneiras de Influência Marinha)


Dr. Radut | especie