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Família: 

Solanaceae

Nome científico: 

Brunfelsia uniflora

Descrição Morfológica: 

Arbusto lenhoso e perene, muito ramificado, de 1 a 3 m de altura, com ramos densos e nodosos. Suas folhas são ovaladas, cartáceas, verde-escuras, de 4 a 7 cm de comprimento.

Brunfelsia uniflora
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Flores e Frutos: 

As flores são solitárias e grandes, situadas na extremidade dos ramos, de cor azul-violeta ao abrir e depois brancas, muito perfumadas. Os frutos são bagas oblongas ou globosas. A floração ocorre entre setembro e janeiro. Os frutos amadurecem no final do verão.

Características Ecológicas: 

Heliófila ou de meia sombra, perenifólia. Aprecia solos úmidos. Ocorre no interior das florestas, em clareiras e áreas mais abertas. Também é comum em bordas de capões.

Ocorrência Natural: 

De Pernambuco até o Rio Grande do Sul. No Paraná ocorre na Floresta Ombrófila Densa, na Floresta Ombrófila Mista e na Floresta Estacional Semidecidual.

Usos: 

Muito ornamental, indicado para o paisagismo de praças e jardins. O perfume das florespode ser extraído para perfumaria. Na medicina tradicional indígena, o decoto das folhas é usado externamente contra artrite e reumatismo. É considerada com propriedades anestésicas, diaforética, diurética, abortiva, hipertensiva, hipotérmica, laxativa e narcótica. Suas raízes tem demonstrado atividade anti-inflamatória.

Aspectos de Cultivo: 

As sementes têm baixa viabilidade em armazenamento, devendo ser semeadas assim que coletadas. Multiplica-se facilmente por sementes ou por estacas. As mudas podem ser plantadas após cerca de 7 meses e seu desenvolvimento é rápido. Aceita podas.

Bibliografia de apoio: 

“Plantas Ornamentais no Brasil” (LORENZI & SOUZA, 1999); “Plantas Medicinais no Brasil” (LORENZI & MATOS, 2002).

Grupos: 
Floresta Atlântica (Floresta Ombrófila Densa)
Floresta com Araucária (Floresta Ombrófila Mista)
Floresta Seca do Rio Paraná (Floresta Estacional Semidecidual)
Medicinais
Ornamentais


Dr. Radut | especie