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Família: 

Berberidaceae

Nome científico: 

Berberis laurina

Descrição Morfológica: 

Arbusto lenhoso, perene, espinhento, com 1,5 a 2 m de altura, podendo ser ereto ou prostrado. Suas folhas são simples, fasciculadas e coriáceas, de 3 a 7 cm de comprimento. Possui espinhos tripartidos, afixados na base do fascículo.

Berberis laurina
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Flores e Frutos: 

Suas inflorescências são racemosas e pendentes, com 9 a 11 cm de comprimento e delicadas flores amareladas. A floração ocorre predominantemente na primavera. Os frutos são bagas oblongas de cor preta quando maduros, de 0,5 a 0,7 cm de comprimento, cada qual com 1 a 3 sementes. Os frutos amadurecem no verão.

Características Ecológicas: 

Secundária, aprecia sombra mediana mas tolera exposição direta ao sol. É comum nos capões de Floresta com Araucária, ocorrendo nas proximidades de bordas e clareiras.

Ocorrência Natural: 

Do sul de Minas Gerais até o Rio Grande do Sul. No Paraná ocorre apenas na Floresta Ombrófila Mista.

Usos: 

Apresenta aspecto ornamental pelas suas flores pendentes e forma da planta. Seus frutos são comestíveis e atraem a fauna silvestre. A espécie é usada na medicina caseira do sul no tratamento de queimaduras e eczemas através de compressas externas. As folhas são utilizadas em gargarejos para tratamento de males da boca e garganta.

Aspectos de Cultivo: 

Em estudo. Sabe-se que a multiplicação por estacas é bastante restrita, sendo mais indicada a propagação por sementes.

Bibliografia de apoio: 

“Plantas Medicinais no Brasil” (LORENZI & MATOS, 2002);
 

Grupos: 
Floresta com Araucária (Floresta Ombrófila Mista)
Frutíferas
Medicinais
Ornamentais
Secundárias


Dr. Radut | especie