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Família: 

Myrtaceae

Nome científico: 

Eugenia pyriformis

Descrição Morfológica: 

Árvore de 6 a 15 m de altura, com tronco geralmente retilíneo e descamante, de casca cinza-clara, com fissuras rasas e cicatrizes mais claras. Suas folhas são simples, opostas, lisas e oblongo-lanceoladas, de 4-7 cm de comprimento. As folhas jovens têm cor róseo-avermelhada e a face inferior densamente sericea.

Eugenia pyriformis
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Flores e Frutos: 

As flores são geralmente solitárias ou em grupo de 3, brancas, axilares, com cerca de 1,5 cm de diâmetro. Os frutos são bagas globosas, amarelas, pubescentes, com polpa espessa, muito suculenta, ácida ou doce, de até 4 cm de diâmetro. A floração ocorre de agosto a novembro e a maturação dos frutos ocorre entre outubro e janeiro.

Características Ecológicas: 

Secundária ou climácica, heliófila e seletiva higrófita. Ocorre nos estratos intermediários de capoeirões e florestas secundárias, sendo de distribuição esparsa.

Ocorrência Natural: 

De São Paulo até o Rio Grande do Sul, na Floresta Estacional Semidecidual e na Floresta Ombrófila Mista.

Usos: 

Graças à forma delicada da copa e à beleza da folhagem, esta árvore apresenta características ornamentais, sendo recomendada sua utilização no paisagismo. Seus frutos são comestíveis e muito apreciados na forma de sucos. São também avidamente consumidos por pássaros. A madeira pode ser usada para moirões, estacas e postes.

Aspectos de Cultivo: 

As sementes têm viabilidade de armazenamento bastante curta, devendo ser semeadas assim que colhidas. A germinação inicia-se entre 10 a 40 dias após a semeadura, apresentando poder germinativo moderado, geralmente superior a 40%. As mudas podem ser plantadas no campo após cerca de 11 meses e seu desenvolvimento é lento.

Bibliografia de apoio: 

“Árvores Brasileiras, Vol.1” (LORENZI, 1992); “Livro das Árvores e Arvoretas do Sul” (LONGHI, 1995); “Árvores do Sul” (BACKES & IRGANG, 2002); “Frutas Brasileiras” (LORENZI et al., 2006).

Grupos: 
Climácicas
Floresta com Araucária (Floresta Ombrófila Mista)
Floresta Seca do Rio Paraná (Floresta Estacional Semidecidual)
Frutíferas
Ornamentais


Dr. Radut | especie