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Família: 

Lauraceae

Nome científico: 

Cryptocarya aschersoniana

Descrição Morfológica: 

Árvore de 15 a 25 m de altura, com tronco levemente tortuoso, curto e nodoso. Suas folhas são simples, alternas, subcoriáceas e glabras, com 5 a 10 cm de comprimento e 3 a 5 cm de largura. Tanto as folhas quanto a casca interna (lenho vivo) apresentam odor agradável e característico.

Cryptocarya aschersoniana
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Cryptocarya aschersoniana
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Cryptocarya aschersoniana
C.T.Blum/Sociedade Chauá
Flores e Frutos: 

As flores são branco-amareladas e pequenas. Os frutos são globosos e amarelos. A floração ocorre entre agosto e outubro. Os frutos amadurecem entre fevereiro e abril.

Características Ecológicas: 

Secundária tardia, perenifólia e heliófila. Prefere solos úmidos. É bastante comum na Floresta Ombrófila Densa de encosta e nos estratos intermediários da Floresta Ombrófila Mista. Apresenta dispersão descontínua. Seus frutos são apreciados pela fauna silvestre.

Ocorrência Natural: 

De Minas Gerais ao Rio Grande do Sul. No Paraná ocorre na Floresta Ombrófila Densa, na Floresta Ombrófila Mista e mais raramente na Floresta Estacional Semidecidual.

Usos: 

É uma árvore que proporciona ótima sombra, sendo recomendada para arborização urbana e rural. Os frutos são consumidos por várias espécies de animais. A madeira pode ser empregada em acabamentos internos, laminados, caixotaria, molduras, vigamentos, moirões, forros, ripas e roda-pés.

Aspectos de Cultivo: 

As sementes têm baixa viabilidade em armazenamento, não ultrapassando dois meses. A germinação pode ocorrer entre 30 e 70 dias após a semeadura, prosseguindo de forma bastante irregular por vários meses. Apresenta poder germinativo geralmente baixo ou moderado. As mudas podem ser plantadas no campo após cerca de 7 meses e seu desenvolvimento geralmente é lento.

Bibliografia de apoio: 

“Árvores Brasileiras, Vol.1” (LORENZI, 1992).

Grupos: 
Floresta Atlântica (Floresta Ombrófila Densa)
Floresta com Araucária (Floresta Ombrófila Mista)
Floresta Seca do Rio Paraná (Floresta Estacional Semidecidual)
Secundárias


Dr. Radut | especie